Landscape and Lake-System Response to Late Quaternary Monsoon Dynamics on the Tibetan Plateau - Northern Transect

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Georg Stauch

Name

Georg Stauch

Akademischer Oberrat

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work Phone
+49 241 80 99381

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Summary

Map of the NE Tibetan Platau G. Stauch Map of the study area (Stauch, 2017). A: Gonghe Becken, B: Donggi Cona, C: Heihai.

In the framework of the TIP project “Landscape and Lake-System Response to Late Quaternary Monsoon Dynamics on the Tibetan Plateau - Northern Transect-“ (SPP1372 - Tibetan Plateau: Formation - Climate- Ecosystems) different sediment cascades and sediment cycles were reconstructed in three catchment areas, the Donggi Cona, the Heihai and the Gonghe Basin, on the northern and north-eastern Tibetan Plateau. For the reconstruction detailed sedimentological and geochemical analyses were used. All three study areas have different sediment sources and varying sediment cascades. While the Donggi Cona system is dominated by a large alluvial fan with a strong recycling of older sedimentary deposits, in the Heihai catchment the local lithology is the main influencing factor for the sedimentary system. In the contrast, Pleistocene fluvial deposits are the main contribution to the terrestrial sediment cascades. However, in all three catchment areas aeolian deposits are a suitable indicator of late Quaternary environmental change and especially of the strengthening and weakening of the Asian monsoonal system. In the early Holocene aeolian sediments indicate an increasing strength of the Asian summer monsoon. Strongest monsoonal conditions occurred from around 5 to 8 ka, while the late Holocene was dominated by again dryer climate conditions. Beside these overall climatic signals, a clear east to west gradient in the moisture conditions has been observed. Catchments in the east, like the Gonghe Basin, received an early and stronger moisture pulse than the Heihai catchment in the west.

  Sediment cycle at the Donggi Cona G. Stauch Sediment cycle at the Donggi Cona (Stauch et al., 2014).  
Duration 01/2003 - 01/2013
Funding DFG Le 730/18-1, Prof. Dr. F. Lehmkuhl
Project partners Prof. Dr. Bernd Wünnemann Department of Earth Sciences, Freie Universität Berlin

   

Publications

  • Dietze, E., Hartmann, K., Diekmann, B., IJmker, J., Lehmkuhl, F., Opitz, S., Stauch, G., Wünnemann, B., Borchers, A., 2012. An end-member algorithm for deciphering modern detrital processes from lake sediments of Lake Donggi Cona, NE Tibetan Plateau, China. Sedimentary Geology 243–244, 169–180. doi.org/10.1016/j.sedgeo.2011.09.014
  • Dietze, E., Wünnemann, B., Diekmann, B., Aichner, B., Hartmann, K., Herzschuh, U., IJmker, J., Jin, H., Kopsch, C., Lehmkuhl, F., Li, S., Mischke, S., Niessen, F., Opitz, S., Stauch, G., Yang, S., 2010. Basin morphology and seismic stratigraphy of Lake Donggi Cona, north-eastern Tibetan Plateau, China. Quaternary International 218, 131–142. doi.org/10.1016/j.quaint.2009.11.035
  • Dietze, E., Wünnemann, B., Hartmann, K., Diekmann, B., Jin, H., Stauch, G., Yang, S., Lehmkuhl, F., 2013. Early to mid-Holocene lake high-stand sediments at Lake Donggi Cona, northeastern Tibetan Plateau, China. Quaternary Research 79, 325–336. doi.org/10.1016/j.yqres.2012.12.008
  • IJmker, J., Stauch, G., Dietze, E., Hartmann, K., Diekmann, B., Lockot, G., Opitz, S., Wünnemann, B., Lehmkuhl, F., 2012a. Characterisation of transport processes and sedimentary deposits by statistical end-member mixing analysis of terrestrial sediments in the Donggi Cona lake catchment, NE Tibetan Plateau. Sedimentary Geology 281, 166–179. doi.org/10.1016/j.sedgeo.2012.09.006
  • IJmker, J., Stauch, G., Hartmann, K., Diekmann, B., Dietze, E., Opitz, S., Wünnemann, B., Lehmkuhl, F., 2012b. Environmental conditions in the Donggi Cona lake catchment, NE Tibetan Plateau, based on factor analysis of geochemical data. Journal of Asian Earth Sciences 44, 176–188. doi.org/10.1016/j.jseaes.2011.04.021
  • IJmker, J., Stauch, G., Pötsch, S., Diekmann, B., Wünnemann, B., Lehmkuhl, F., 2012c. Dry periods on the NE Tibetan Plateau during the late Quaternary. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology 346–347, 108–119. doi.org/10.1016/j.palaeo.2012.06.005
  • Lehmkuhl, F., Schulte, P., Zhao, H., Hülle, D., Protze, J., Stauch, G., 2014. Timing and spatial distribution of loess and loess-like sediments in the mountain areas of the northeastern Tibetan Plateau. CATENA 117, 23–33. doi.org/10.1016/j.catena.2013.06.008
  • Opitz, S., Ramisch, A., IJmker, J., Lehmkuhl, F., Mischke, S., Stauch, G., Wünnemann, B., Zhang, Y., Diekmann, B., 2016. Spatio-temporal pattern of detrital clay-mineral supply to a lake system on the north-eastern Tibetan Plateau, and its relationship to late Quaternary paleoenvironmental changes. CATENA 137, 203–218. doi.org/10.1016/j.catena.2015.09.003
  • Opitz, S., Wünnemann, B., Aichner, B., Dietze, E., Hartmann, K., Herzschuh, U., IJmker, J., Lehmkuhl, F., Li, S., Mischke, S., Plotzki, A., Stauch, G., Diekmann, B., 2012. Late Glacial and Holocene development of Lake Donggi Cona, north-eastern Tibetan Plateau, inferred from sedimentological analysis. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology 337–338, 159–176. doi.org/10.1016/j.palaeo.2012.04.013
  • Ramisch, A., Lockot, G., Haberzettl, T., Hartmann, K., Kuhn, G., Lehmkuhl, F., Schimpf, S., Schulte, P., Stauch, G., Wang, R., Wünnemann, B., Yan, D., Zhang, Y., Diekmann, B., 2016. A persistent northern boundary of Indian Summer Monsoon precipitation over Central Asia during the Holocene. Scientific Reports 6, 25791.
  • Rother, H., Stauch, G., Loibl, D., Lehmkuhl, F., Freeman, S.P.H.T., 2017. Late Pleistocene glaciations at Lake Donggi Cona, eastern Kunlun Shan (NE Tibet): early maxima and a diminishing trend of glaciation during the last glacial cycle. Boreas 46, 503–524. doi.org/10.1111/bor.12227
  • Stauch, G., 2017. Aeolian sediments on the northern Tibetan Plateau. Aachen. 10.18154/RWTH-2017-10206
  • Stauch, G., 2016. Multi-decadal periods of enhanced aeolian activity on the north-eastern Tibet Plateau during the last 2ka. Quaternary Science Reviews 149, 91–101. doi.org/10.1016/j.quascirev.2016.07.027
  • Stauch, G., 2015. Geomorphological and palaeoclimate dynamics recorded by the formation of aeolian archives on the Tibetan Plateau. Earth-Science Reviews 150, 393–408. doi.org/10.1016/j.earscirev.2015.08.009
  • Stauch, G., IJmker, J., Pötsch, S., Zhao, H., Hilgers, A., Diekmann, B., Dietze, E., Hartmann, K., Opitz, S., Wünnemann, B., Lehmkuhl, F., 2012. Aeolian sediments on the north-eastern Tibetan Plateau. Quaternary Science Reviews 57, 71–84. doi.org/10.1016/j.quascirev.2012.10.001
  • Stauch, G., Lai, Z., Lehmkuhl, F., Schulte, P., in press. Environmental changes during the late Pleistocene and the Holocene in the Gonghe Basin, north-eastern Tibetan Plateau. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology. doi.org/10.1016/j.palaeo.2016.12.032
  • Stauch, G., Pötsch, S., Zhao, H., Lehmkuhl, F., 2014. Interaction of geomorphological processes on the north-eastern Tibetan Plateau during the Holocene, an example from a sub-catchment of Lake Donggi Cona. Geomorphology 210, 23–35. doi.org/10.1016/j.geomorph.2013.12.014
  • Stauch, G., Schulte, P., Ramisch, A., Hartmann, K., Hülle, D., Lockot, G., Diekmann, B., Nottebaum, V., Müller, C., Wünnemann, B., Yan, D., Lehmkuhl, F., 2017. Landscape and climate on the northern Tibetan Plateau during the late Quaternary. Geomorphology 286, 78–92. doi.org/10.1016/j.geomorph.2017.03.008